Situation Report: Flood and Landslide in East Nusa Tenggara (NTT) Province Date: 8 April 2021

News & Publication ENon April 13, 2021

Chronological Event

Image source: Badan Meteorologi Klimatologi dan Geofisika

BMKG detected 2 tropical cyclones (99S in Sawu Sea, NTT and 90S southwest Sumatera in Hindia Ocean) and immediately disseminated warnings to public since Friday, 2 Apr. The Seroja tropical cyclones in NTT caused heavy rain, massive waves and strong wind in the area from 1-5 Apr. BMKG warned that Seroja tropical cyclones strengthened and moved in a southwesterly direction away from Indonesia until at least Tuesday, 6 Apr, and people who resided or worked along the coasts to remain vigilant and urged small vessels not to leave port.

On 4 Apr. flash floods and landslides hit some areas in the islands of East Flores (Adonara) at 01:00am, West Timor (Malaka) at 08:00am, Lembata, and Alor. On 5 Apr. at 01.00–05.00am storms hit some areas in the islands of Timor, Semau, Rote Ndao, Sabu Raijua dan dan Sumba at 10:00am and caused floods and landslides. Some areas in NTT, including Kupang, the capital town of NTT, also suffered from heavy storm, high tide waves up to 2.5 to 4 meter. At the same time high tide of 4 to 6 meter also accured in the south of NTT, Bengkulu and Lampung in south Sumtera, Bali-Lombok Strait, south Java sea, Sunda strait, south Banten.

Impacts of Multi Hazards Disaster in NTT Province

A compilated data from Pusdalops BNPB and local NGOs by 8 Apr. Indicates that 16 districts and 1 city affected, some 163 died, 132 injured, 45 missing, 22.871 displaced.

Image source: BNPB

BPBD of NTT noted that the multi hazard disaster has affected to some 11,224 buildings (including 2,595 homes destroyed, 225 damaged, 5,862 lightly damaged) and 115 public facilities (including 26 badly damaged).

Emergency Response

Provincial government of NTT announced disaster emergency response for 30 days. The President of RI, Head of BNPB, and Miniter of Social Affairs, Minister of Public Work and Housing, Chief of Military, and Chief of Police visited the affected areas and intructed swift response in cooperation with the local government. National and local NGOs have also been present and provided relief assistance. Assessment have been conducted by the govenmnt and non government organisations. Basic needs have been identified which include food, water, NFI, tents/terpaulines, medicine, clothes, generator, and tools to clear debris.

A number of distribution posts and warehouses have also been set up close to the affected population in all of the affected areas. Distribution of assistance is still continuing including maskers and running rapid test of Covid-19.

A number of NGOs at the national level formed a group work and intended to participate in the response to learn the anatomy of the disaster, the humanitarian response principles, the configurationa and the coordination dinamic, response in pandemic and Covid-19 protocols, initial key tasks and skills needed, personal care, safety and volunteers gudelines. Relevant training to responders on site are also considered to be provided. RedR Indonesia is also participating in the planned response.

Recent Disaster

Two big floods took place in NTT Province:
1) 3 Nov. 2010, flood hit South Timor Tengah District caused 31 casualties, 7 missing, 27 injured, and 159 homes destroyed.
2) 11 Apr. 2011, flood hit Belu District caused 3.277 homes and 14 public facilities destroyed.

In 2021 alone Indonesia experienced 16 earthquakes, 90 forest fire, 1 drought, 451 floods, 209 landslides, 265 strong wind, 13 high tides and abrasion, causing 337 casualties, 55 missing, 12,463 injured, 4,362,537
suffering/displaced, as well as destruction and damages to public facilities and infrustructure.

Image souce: BNPB