Eight clusters have been established, as stated in Circular Letter (SE) of the Head of BNPB Number 173/2014 regarding the formation of National Clusters to support disaster management activities, including:
- The Health Cluster is in responsibility of carrying out the planning, implementation, monitoring, and evaluation of actions in the health sector in the case of a disaster or in a regular situation.
- The Search and Rescue Cluster is responsible for carrying out planning, organizing, monitoring, and assessing efforts in the field of search and rescue in the case of a disaster or in a regular situation.
- The Logistics Cluster is responsible for planning, organizing, monitoring, and assessing actions in the logistics sector in the case of a disaster or in a regular situation.
- The Refugee and Protection Cluster is in charge of organizing, planning, monitoring, and assessing efforts in the sphere of evacuation and protection in the case of a disaster or in a regular situation.
- The Education Cluster is responsible for carrying out planning, execution, monitoring, and assessment in the field of education in the case of a disaster or in a regular situation.
- The Facilities and Infrastructure Cluster is in charge of carrying out the planning, execution, and assessment of actions in the facilities and infrastructure midwife in the case of a disaster or in a regular situation.
- The Economics Cluster is responsible for carrying out the planning, implementation, and evaluation of actions in the economic sector in the case of a disaster or in a regular situation.
- The responsibility of increasing the ability of the central/regional government in the event of a disaster or in a regular circumstance falls within the purview of the Early Recovery Cluster, which is responsible for planning, organizing, and evaluating such actions.
The cluster approach actively reinforces the system of cooperation in the humanitarian sector by:
The Protection and Evacuation (PP) cluster is one of the more active and powerful clusters. The PP cluster’s goal is to improving and facilitate coordination the community, media, academic/university/educational institutions, business world’s roles, federal government, and local governments. in mobilizing resources for the fulfillment of rights and protection for communities affected by disasters in a comprehensive and accountable manner.
The responsibilities of the cluster on refugees and protection also include the preparation of public kitchens, prevention and management of gender-based violence, refugee places, security, management of refugees and preparation of temporary shelters, protection of vulnerable groups, and information management in the field of refugees and protection.
In August 2022, the Ministry of Social Affairs and UNOCHA, who serves as the PP Cluster’s coordinator, hosted a training. RedR Indonesia served as the session’s facilitator. By upholding humanitarian principles and codes of ethics, this activity involves other ministries/agencies as well as possible partners in order to become coordination facilitators/focal points, primarily at the Ministry of Social Affairs and at the regional level.
The first day’s activities were carried out to map issues, challenges, and opportunities in each sub-cluster in the PP Klasnas. Offline activities took place in Jakarta by involving government elements such as BNPB, Ministry of Social Affairs, Ministry of Home Affairs, Coordinating Ministry for Human Development and Culture. In addition, many NGOs supporting Klasnas PP were also involved.
The 2nd day activity, in the form of a simulation of disaster emergency management coordination. RedR organized several elements of the DIY government such as Bappeda, Social Service, BPBD and NGOs to participate in online and offline joint activities. In addition, IT support was also provided by RedR Indonesia in a two-day workshop in Jakarta through funding from UNICEF.